By David, Senior writer
NEW FRONTIER NEWS – IBM researchers have built a 50 Quantum bit Quantum computer, one of the most powerful data processing machines mankind has ever known. Not only that, but IBM and other companies such as Google, Intel, and Rigetti are completely taking the way we think of data processing and turning it on its head, commandeering the seemingly counterintuitive process of Quantum Physics.
Don’t get your hopes up, you won’t be owning one anytime soon. They’re massive, and finicky, challenging to use. The Quantum state is preserved for 90 Microseconds. One microsecond is 1 millionth of a second. An infinitesimally small amount, but the largest time the industry has ever seen.
Normal computers process data on a Base-Two, or a Binary numerical system. Quantum Computers use Quantum Entanglement and Superposition to process data. Entanglement causes sets of photons to split multiple times into more photons, causing the computer’s data to exist in both ones and zeroes at the same time, so one regular bit is only half of the data that can be stored in a qubit. It may not seem like much, but IBM’s quantum computing has allowed us to simulate a molecule. If we can simulate a molecule, what next? Can we possibly simulate an atom, a feat that has been thought to be impossible? Could we go even smaller, and possibly even simulate a black hole?
Before we get excited, a professor at the University of Maryland, Andrew Childs says that this many qubits could be an issue. He says they’re noisy and not well connected.
Researchers at Google have even said a 50-Qubit computer could surpass the world’s most powerful supercomputer. The problem with quantum computing is Quantum Decoherence, which essentially occurs after a period of time in which it, for lack of a better phrase, falls apart.
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